Landscape Approach to Forest Restoration and Conservation (LAFREC)  
Africa, RW
Status: Open
Specific Others Agriculture Forestry Agriculture
Rwanda's two most important forest protected areas lie at either end of the Nile-Congo Crest - to the north the Volcanoes National Park, and Nyungwe National Park to the south. The ridge in between had been largely deforested but includes two forest reserves - Gishwati and Mukura, which have been designated Key Biodiversity Areas. Steep terrains and the highest population density in sub-Saharan Africa make sustainable land and landscape management strict necessities for natural-resource-dependent sectors. Almost two thirds of forest cover have been lost since independence. Natural forests are virtually non-existent outside of protected areas, many of which have been encroached and reduced in size through successive re-gazetting. Risks of flash floods and landslides are highest where recent deforestation has occurred, such as within the Gishwati Forest reserve.

The LAFREC project will consist of four components
1) Nation-wide multi-sectoral landscape restoration planning and institutional development. This component aims to establish a nation-wide, integrated institutional framework for effective landscape restoration and conservation.

2) Demonstration of land and forest restoration and conservation in a priority landscape. This component will support the application of the landscape approach to forest restoration and conservation for the improvement of ecosystem functions and services in the Gishwati forest area, and possibly adjacent parts of the Nile-Congo crest.

3) Community climate resilience. This component seeks to enhance community resilience through promoting diversified and climate-smart livelihoods, and implementing direct climate-risk management measures.

4) Project management and monitoring.

  • - Environment and Natural Resources Sector Strategic Plan (ENRSSP)
  • - Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS)
  • - To promote landscape management for enhanced environmental services and climate resilient livelihoods, including via forest rehabilitation and sustainable land management investments in one target landscape.
  • - As part of Rwanda Vision 2020: addressing environment and climate change, rehabilitation of degraded lands.

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