Rwanda Priority Skills for Growth (PSG)  
Africa, RW
Status: Open
Specific Innovation Government Education/Research ICT and Technology Innovations Vocational Training & Skills Development Research Institutions Research & Education
Rwanda has experienced fast growth over the past 15 years. Rapid economic growth was accompanied by job creation with the addition of 630,000 new jobs to the economy between 2006 and 2011, 73 percent of them in the nonagricultural sector. A salient feature of the Rwandan economy is that it is largely informal, dominated by micro firms. The flows of foreign direct investment (FDI) have been rising steadily from almost non-existent in 2000 to 4 percent of GDP in 2015. Rwanda considers regional economic integration as one of the most crucial elements of achieving the Vision 2020. The competitiveness and further growth of the Rwandan economy are constrained by a lack of skilled labor force.

Building skills to advance the country's economic agenda is a priority in the Government of Rwanda's ongoing Second Five-Year Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS-2). Under the EDPRS-2 two specific programs pay specific attention to skills-building: the National Employment Programme and the National Science, Technology, Innovation, and Research Policy.

  • - Technical Vocational and Education Training (TVET)
  • - National Science, Technology, Innovation and Research Policy (STIR)
  • - National Employment Programme (NEP)
  • - TVET: Lack of qualified teachers. Lack of training programmes in promising emerging industries. Missing or weak links with potential employers.
  • - STIR: Build a strong national research and development and innovation system. Encourage knowledge acquisition and deepening at all levels of education; knowledge creation through research in priority economic sectors; knowledge transfer to benefit economic activity in the priority sectors; and innovation and entrepreneurship.
  • - NEP: i) skills development, ii) entrepreneurship and business development, iii) labour market intervention and iv) coordination and monitoring and evaluation
  • - Transforming the country by raising the per capita GDP to middle income level by 2020 and expanding the share of middle income households in population.

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